Episode 223: Journal Club-Music Therapy Perspectives 33(2)

Journal Club 2016Join Dr. Meganne Masko and me for another edition of Music Therapy Journal Club. This week we’ll discuss the articles published in Music Therapy Perspectives Volume 33 Number 2.

Eyre, L. (2015) Music therapy in mental health: Practice, theory, research, and professional perspectives. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 87-89.

This editorial gives an overview of the special edition on Mental Health. It summarizes each article and frames them ass addressing 4 areas: professional perspectives, treatment practices, voice of consumers, and research.

Jackson, N. A. (2015) Music therapy and chronic mental illness: Overcoming the silent symptoms. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 90-96.

I really liked this article. I thought it would be significant to use in a psychiatric music therapy class. The author discusses how to treat significant problems using music, and actually explains musical goals better than any article or presentation on musical goals that I’ve come across. The author says that chronic mental illness can lead to grief, stigma, loneliness, and trauma, all of which are difficult areas to define observable and measurable goals, but which are necessary to address. The vignettes depict what mental illness can be like and how it affects clients, in addition to how music therapy can treat these problem areas.

Zanders, M. L. (2015) Music therapy practices and processes with foster-care youth: Formulating an approach to clinical work. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 97-107.

This article describes a music therapy treatment with foster-care youth. The author describes a client as they work through the three stages: creating stability, finding resources, and finding meaning. This framework seems useful and might be applied in other treatment situations. I liked how the author discussed his growth and development as the client grew and developed in this process.

MacDonald, S. (2015) Client experiences in music therapy in the psychiatric inpatient milieu. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 108-117.

This study looked at the experiences of 6 patients in an inpatient psychiatric music therapy group. This might be useful in helping music therapists identify goals or themes for group music therapy in settings like this one.

Markovich, R. & Tatsumi, K. (2015) The effects of single-session music therapy interventions in comparison with a cognitive behavioral intervention on mood with adult psychiatric inpatients in an acute-care setting: A quasi-experimental trial. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 118-127.

This study compared an Active Music Group (singing, lyric analysis, songwriting, and playing instruments), a Receptive Music Group (lyric analysis), and Cognitive Behavior Therapy group. It found that for a single session, the Receptive Music Group had the most change in mood of the patients.

Legge, A. (2015) On the neural mechanisms of music therapy in mental health care: literature review and clinical implications. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 128-141.

This literature review revealed a relationship between music therapy, neurobiology of emotions, and the therapeutic relationship. There’s a nice glossary of neurology terms that will be useful for music therapists to understand, plus a picture of the brain showing some of the structures and a table with “evidence-suggested neural mechanisms involved in music therapy and implications for mental health treatment.”

Hunt, A. M. & Legge, A. (2015) Neurological research on music therapy for mental health: A summary of imaging and research methods. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 142-161.

This article discusses types of neural imaging and what kinds of research questions might be best addressed with each type.

Eyre, L. & Lee, J. (2015) Mixed methods survey of professional perspectives of music therapy practice in mental health. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 162-181.

This article reports the findings of a survey of music therapists working in mental health.

Strauss, S. & Behrens, G. A. (2015) AMTA Undergraduate Student Research Award. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 182.

This study surveyed 11 music therapists working with women survivors of sex-trafficking. This seemed an ambitious topic for an undergraduate student! It seemed to be influenced by the professor as this aligns with her interests. It looks like a great study on an important area of need. It was well-written and easy to read, which makes it a nice introduction to research for students.

Lee, H. (2015) AMTA Graduate Student Research Award. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 183.

This article was less easy to read. The study looked at the music perception skills of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Hakvoort, L. (2015) Rap music therapy in forensic psychiatry: Emphasis on the musical approach to rap. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 184-192.

This article explained in a really clear way how to incorporate rap music into a music therapy practice, including how a music therapist could study rap to gain fluency and understanding of that genre. I liked how the author outlined the treatment protocol so clearly. It makes me think about how I might apply a similar protocol to other types of work that I do. Plus, it gives me some hope that I could potentially incorporate rap into my own treatment repertoire.

Gardiner, J. C. & Horwitz, J. L. (2015) Neurologic music therapy and group psychotherapy for treatment of traumatic brain injury: Evaluation of a cognitive rehabilitation group. Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(2), 193-201.

I’ve said before I’m a big fan of Dr. Gardiner, so I was looking forward to this article. The authors describe their treatment pretty well, which would make it fairly easy to get treatment ideas from if one were working with patients that have traumatic brain injuries. I might also use the information from this article if I were working with any population that was working on cognition skills.

Letter to the Editor, 202-203.

I gotta be honest: I don’t know why this was published. I don’t understand why the author felt “compelled to offer further support for [Dr. Aigen’s] article and, in the process, to cite [his] own work.” Oh wait. Maybe that just answered my question. The author just wanted to highlight his own work?