Monday, July 10, 2017

Episode 219: Journal Club – Summer 2015 JMT Vol. 52(2)

journal clubDr. Meganne Masko and I discuss the research published in the Journal of Music Therapy Volume 52 Number 2. This edition features music therapy research for infants with Down Syndrome, Canadian Music Therapy Internships, Improvisation with Autistic children, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Plus a book review of Music Therapy Handbook edited by Barbara Wheeler!

de l’Etoile, S. K. (2015). Self-regulation and infant-directed singing in infants with down syndrome. Journal of Music Therapy, 52 (2), 195-220. doi:10.1093/jmt/thv003

I liked this article because it was interesting, easy to read, and easily applicable in clinical settings. Infant-directed singing helps develop attention skills, which helps infants to self-regulate. Controlling attention allows us to manage our arousal state. This is important information for people who have or work with infants, especially infants who have sensory disorders or conditions like Down syndrome. The parts of the brain that are used for controlling attention and emotions are also parts of the brain that are stimulated when we listen to music, which explains why music therapy would be a good treatment to promote self regulation and emotional regulation. As a music therapist, I liked the literature review because it explained neural processes in a way that was easy to understand for typical development and for infants with Down syndrome. Although the article did not explicitly define what infant-directed singing is, one can understand that it is changing how you sing based on the responses you see or wish to see from your infant. This article was written in a way that seems like it would be easy to replicate, and if one works with infants, it would inform one’s practice and provide good information for parent education.

Clements-Cortes, A. (2015). A survey of pre-professionals’ understanding of the Canadian music therapy internship experience. Journal of Music Therapy, 52 (2), 221-257. doi:10.1093/jmt/thv006

I wasn’t initially interested in this article, because I don’t train Canadian music therapists, but the literature review was interesting and described the research findings of similar studies performed in the U.S. I also liked the recommendations for Educators and Internship Supervisors, because I thought they were relevant to me as an educator and practicum supervisor, and if I were to start an internship in my clinical practice, it would be good information for that, too.

Geretsegger, M., Holck, U., Carpente, J., Elefant, C., Kim, J., & Gold, C. (2015). Common characteristics of improvisational approaches in music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: Developing treatment guidelines. Journal of Music Therapy, 52 (2), 258-281. doi:10.1093/jmt/thv005

I had some difficulty understanding this article, because it seemed to use some jargon, which made it more complicated. However, I liked the figure on page 271 that illustrates the overview of the principles in improvisational approaches of music therapy for children with ASD. Dr. Meganne Masko understood this article much better than I did and gives a lovely explanation of how it applies to music therapy clinical work, so I encourage you to listen to the show to hear her talk about this article. The bibliography is also good to look at if you are looking for music therapy and autism research.

Chwalek, C. M., & McKinney, C. H. (2015). The use of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in music therapy: A sequential explanatory study. Journal of Music Therapy, 52 (2), 282-318. doi:10.1093/jmt/thv002

I did not have a clear understanding of what DBT is before reading this article, and now I think it would be a good idea to learn more about DBT, as a music therapist. Again, Dr. Masko explains this article really well in the podcast, so listen to her talk about it for more information. I think if you work in psychiatric settings or need more education on verbal techniques in music therapy, this article and learning more about DBT would be useful.

Book Review: Wheeler, B. (Ed.). (2015). Music therapy handbook. New York: Guildford Press. 607 pages. Hardback, $72.25. ISBN 9781462518036 Reviewed by Nicki Cohen.

Dr. Masko reviewed this book for another publication, and agreed with this review that this text is an excellent resource for practicing music therapists and for students. She said the chapters are good references for educating other professionals about music therapy, which makes me think it would be a good resource for the advocacy work that the State Task Forces are doing.

This show airs live on Friday, October 16, 2015, at 1:00 pm Central. The podcast is available a few minutes after the live show ends.

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